The Victoria Falls on the Zambezi River is one of the seven wonders of the natural world and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1989. The waters of the Zambezi plunge 103 metres into a chasm which is 1.71km in length. The falling water makes a deafening roar at the height of the annual river flood between February to May, throwing up clouds of spray and drenching the opposite cliff in rain (500million litres per minute in full flood).
Victoria Falls Entrance Fee:
Entrance fees to the Victoria Falls World Heritage Site are at present
USD10:00 per person (internationals)
ZK6120 per person (Zambian nationals and permit holders)
Victoria Falls border closes at 20h00
The falls are thus aptly known as Mosi-O-Tunya, “The Smoke that Thunders”, a name which was given to them by the Kololo people, a South African tribe which had colonized the Livingstone area in the 1830s. The local Toka-Leya people called them Shungu-na-Mutitima which has the same meaning.
150 years ago, on the 16th November 1855, Dr. David Livingstone, the famous Scottish missionary and explorer, first saw the falls. He described this moment with the words, \'a sight so beautiful that it “must have been gazed upon by angels in their flight”\', named them after his Queen and introduced the world to the land that is now Zambia, one of Africa’s premiere safari destinations. He had been paddled downstream in a wooden canoe by a local Tonga tribesman to what is now named, Livingstone Island. The falls are breathtaking and perhaps Zambia’s most famous tourist site.
Livingstone town is situated 10km away and celebrated its 100 year anniversary in 2005. It was founded after the abandonment of the earlier settlement, the Old Drift, beside the river. In 1907 Livingstone became the capital of Northwestern Rhodesia and with the creation of Northern Rhodesia in 1911, was capital of the whole territory until 1935, when Lusaka took over this privilegeMany of the buildings from this bygone era, with their columned verandahs and facades, wide steps and attractive, Edwardian style, can still be seen about the town. All buildings in Zambia and thus Livingstone, built before 1924 are protected by the National Heritage Act. The town is considered the tourist capital of Zambia and an enormous range of activities are available in the area including elephant back safaris, white water rafting and makoro trips on the beautiful river.
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